You are entering a new realm in researching your German Baptist Brethren ancestry. This site, as are many others maintained on this domain, presents to researchers and historians high-quality images of historical reference books about the Brethren. While the companion site, German Baptist Brethren Almanacs, Annuals & Yearbooks, holds many of the periodicals, this site will contain the various district histories, congregational histories, etc., etc., that have been professionally digitized by your host.
Yes, a good-sized portion of the works represented herein can be located online at "archive" web sites, but they are not truly archival in nature. In truth the majority of them are little better than poor, second generation Xerox copies. And, the files are often corrupted! A better term for that digital workflow would be "informational digitization" in that those works are generally lower in quality by magnitudes than what you will discover here. Furthermore, those images were acquired and highly compressed with the caveat that the images, before being compressed, were not tonally adjusted. Even worse is that the images were never saved in an archival digital file format. A picture was taken with the images immediately output to a PDF file for display on the Internet. No care was taken to ensure that the images would stand the test of time.
In our case the images were scanned in their entirety, in other words not cropped, with the over scan (that portion of the image outside of the page itself) being carefully removed. After several weeks of acquiring and "cleaning" the images, metadata was applied to the record set. For those not understanding that term, metadata is information about the image, in this case, the book and bibliographical information. Metadata can be thought of as the writing often found on the reverse of those old photographs we all have. In the case of the digital images the metadata was input into each and every image, no matter the size of the work being digitally preserved.
After this step a duplicate set of images was created for tonal and sharpness adjustments. The series of steps followed for each record set in creating this set of actions was carefully recorded so that the adjustments so made could be recorded into the metadata. After designing and running a script that accomplishes much of this, in actuality only a portion of the images to be adjusted needing to be sampled, the script was run for this alternate group of images.
At this point the images to be displayed on the Internet needed to be created. Again, a series of scripts was designed to accomplish this. This process removing the metadata from the images to be displayed online, the metadata was re-inserted into the online set of images. The final phase was to create a series of pages to be displayed online.
The result of these processes is now available to you. In the main most of the content available on this site is available to subscribers only. There is material available to non-subscribers, but it is limited.
The menu system utilized to access the books can be difficult to understand. It could have been simpler in design, if only the various books themselves had fallen into one larger overriding category. Such, however, is not the case. This site will eventually house books covering those states for which there have been district histories and other more generalized books.
In the case of the various district histories there are many states that are split into three, or more, districts. Pennsylvania has four districts: Eastern, Middle, Southern and Western. And, each district may have more than one published history; such as the 1920 and 1955 histories for the Southern District of Ohio. Thus there will be under the District menu link (when it is created) a link for Ohio > Southern District > 1920 as well as a 1955 menu item. The menus will be logical in nature so that should be fairly easy to follow.
Such may not be the case for other Brethren historical works. For instance, as of this writing there are two books online, The Minutes of the Annual Meetings of the Brethren — 1778 - 1917 and Some Who Led — Or — Fathers in the Church of the Brethren Who Have Passed Over. One book is a biographical work while the other is non-biographical in nature. Thus under the General menu link there will be a sub-menu item for each, Biographical and Non-biographical.
The only other envisioned menu item is one entitled "Congregational," or named something alike it, for the various and numerous congregations for which there are published histories.
Today’s blog, the first in a series that will hopefully be an on-going explanation of what I am presently working on, is about the various Brethren Miller families who were early settlers of Montgomery county, Ohio. The opening section below is some comments about the Miller families of note, followed by what I am working on at this time. In essence there are three Miller families that interest me, and I am not even remotely related to any of them, so, to that end, here goes.
This blog entry shall deal with finalizing, almost, the lands of Elder Daniel Miller (1755-1822). Elder Daniel owned land that today lies along the Upper Bear Creek Road of Miami township, Montgomery county, Ohio. When he owned it, and prior to that, the land was owned by Elder Jacob Miller (ca. 1838-1815). Normally to plat land it is fairly easy to transcribe a single deed and overlay that onto high-quality scans of the Montgomery County, Ohio Atlas of 1875. In this instance it is difficult as that particular section, in 1875 versus the early 18th Century, had been cut up into differing tracts. In other words, it was not easily done because of intervening deeds. To rectify this it fell upon me to pull all the deeds, at least those that were recorded for this section, which led to some discoveries.
If you arrived at this page via a Rootsweb mailing list posting then the material below is the same as in the posting to the mailing list. In that case, click on the button. However, if you discovered this blog entry, then please read the content below.
This particular blog entry is about an item not normally covered by the mailing lists I am involved in. My interests lying primarily with the German Baptist Brethren and Montgomery county, Ohio, and this book being about Ohio history, it may or may not be of interest to others.
This blog entry shall be another foray into the mysteries of land records, or perhaps more correctly, what can be found if you dig deeply enough into them. Additionally, it will include a somewhat fictionalized account of what may have occurred if your ancestor was contemplating moving to the newly opened Northwest Territory.
Unfortunately with the advent of the Internet, recliner-chair research is more the norm than the rule. And it keeps getting worse as time goes on. While any researcher worth his salt knows that researching deeds is one of the areas that should be explored not many are willing to travel down the road less traveled. Being lazy or unwilling to have it performed by a knowledgeable person prevails. Generally a researcher will got to the county of their interest and pull any and all deeds that pertain to their ancestor, and if they are smart they will spend time while there to research the deeds of other parties they are interested in. I do not recall how many times the trip to a court house has been made only to discover many months later that I should have pulled another record I saw. A lamentable fact, but true.
This blog entry stems from, and is in part courtesy of Dennis D. Roth, a co-worker in German Baptist Brethren research and documentation of Washington state. During one of his online research trips he located the newspaper article in the left-hand column below and posted it to the Rootsweb's Brethren Mailing List on July 28, 2014. Seeing the value in this wonderful find, I decided to make the spelling corrections, locate a proper source, and, make comments as an adjunct to it. Enjoy!!!
This blog entry shall delve into the various archival pursuits I have been involved with since my last blog entry, Discussion #5 — A Dunkard's Honor, in July of this year. It has been well received and has been read in excess of 200 times to date. One would think that a kind note to this author for the effort would have have been in order. Unfortunately, the more people have expectations that their research is online, the worse the social graces become when they read that same item of interest. This also applies to several e-mails recently sent regarding the Hendricks and Mack families as well as my latest creation, the Kansas district history by Prof. Craik of McPherson College. What a treacherous road to travel down for society, ignoring the niceties.
It as been a busy week around here with some 70 hours since last Friday having been spent updating ministers and congregation while at the same time adding three newly found ministers, two congregations and discovering an oddity of one of the congregations that was heavily involved in the Old Older and Conservative split of 1881.
Looking for one item of interest I found something entirely different, leading me down the researching-in-depth path from which there is no return. I loathe when this occurs, realizing it will lead me down other paths—eventually at times forgetting that which I was originally searching for.
EXTRACTS FROM THE DIARY OF THE JOURNEY OF BROS. JOSEPH* [SPANGENHERG] AND MATTHEW REUTZ† THROUGH MARYLAND AND VIRGINIA IN JULY AND AUGUST, 1748. On June 30th, O. S., we left Bethlehem together with Bro. Owen Rice‡ and John Hopsonǁ. We traveled by way of Macungie and Heidelberg, at which latter place Bro. Joseph administered to the little congregation, on July 3rd, a blessed communion service. Then they visited Tulpehocken, Quittopehilla [now Lebanon, Pa.], Warwick [Lititz, Pa.] and Lancaster. Then they continued their journey by way of Kreutz Creek, Catores [Codorus, in York county], Canowago [Conewago, near Littlestown, Adams county], to Manakesy [Monocacy], in Maryland, whence Bro. Owen Rice and Hopson turned southeast to the lower parts of Maryland and Virginia. Bro. Joseph and Matthew Reuz turned first northwest to An- * August Gottlieb Spangenberg, called familiarly Joseph by his brethren, was born July 15, 1704. In 1722 he entered the University of Jena. In 1727 he met Zinzendorf, and in 1733 became his assistant at Herrnhut. In 1744 he was ordained Moravian Bishop, and after Zinzendorf's death, in 1762, he became his successor. He visited America four times, and was for twenty years at the head of the American branch of the Moravian Church. He died, after a long and eminently useful life, on September 18, 1792. Reincke, Register of Moravians, p. 76. † Matthew Reutz arrived in New York with the "Second Sea Congregation," on November 26, 1743. Ordained a Presbyter in 1748. Labored in the Gospel among the Swedes in New Jersey. Reincke, Register of Moravians, pp. 57, 81. ‡ Rev. Owen Rice, from Haverford-West, Wales, came to Pennsylvania with the "First Sea Congregation," on the Catherine, and arrived in Philadelphia June 7, 1742. Ordained a Deacon at Bethlehem. October 27, 1748, by Bishops von Watteville, Spangenberg and Cammerhoff. While in America he was pastor of the congregations at Philadelphia, Bethlehem, New York and in New Jersey. Returned to England in 1754, and was pastor at Wyke, Kingswood, Leominster, Plymouth, Bath and Gomersal, and Gracehill, Ireland. He died at Fulneck, 1787. Communicated by Mr. John W,. Jordan. ǁ John Hopson was a prominent citizen of Lancaster, Pa., and member of the Moravian congregation there. See Reincke, Register of Moravians, p. 103.
HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL NOTES AND QUERIES. THE DUNKERS AND THE SIEBEN-TAEGER. (Communicated) In Volume Xl, page 125, of the Virgitlia Magazine of History and Biography, the following passage appears as a translation from a Moravian diary of 1749; "We were only a few miles from the Seventh Day Baptists [Dunkers] who live here at the New River. But we had enough of the description which the people gave of them." The editor of the translation makes the mistake here of identifying the Seventh Day Baptists with the Dunkers. In the next issue of the magazine, however, he amends the passage, saying: "It ought to read: 'We were only a few miles from the Sabbatarians' [Sieben-taeger). instead of Seventh Day Baptists."—Va. Hist. Mag., Vol. Xl, page 234, note. In the same place he also shows that the community at New river were members of the Ephrata Society. etc. In the last issue of this magazine. Vol. XII, No.2, on page 147, it is said of two Sabbatarians who were found several miles southwest of Staunton by the Moravian brethren on October 25. 1753: "These Sabbatarians were evidently members of the Ephrata colony at the New River." These notes, from which I have quoted make it pretty clear that the New river Sabbatarians, otherwise Sieben-taeger, belonged to the Pennsylvania sect known as the Ephrata Society; but whether the Dunkers were Seventh Day Baptists, or not, is still left in more or less obscurity. The confusion as to the real character of the Dunkers, is "worse confounded" in the quotation from Dr. Thomas Walker, given in connection with the citation I have made last above. Dr. Walker writes: "He [English) has a mill which is the furthest back except one lately built by the sect of people who call themselves the Brotherhood of Euphrates [Ephrata] and are commonly called Dunkards, who are the upper inhabitants on the New River. * * The Dunkards are an odd people who make it a matter of Religion not to shave their Beards, Iy on Beds, or eat Flesh. * * The unmarried have no private Property, but live on a common Stock. They don't baptize either young or old, they keep their Sabbath on Saturday, and hold that all men shall be