The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography
about fifty miles, if one follows the road. The common people call this district "At the Mountains." Within a circle of a few miles eighty families live there together, Lutherans, mostly from Wurtemberg. They have a beautiful large church and school, also a parsonage and a glebe of several hundred acres, with seven negroes, who must cultivate the minister's land. The name of the minister living there is Klug.* He is of a phlegmatical and sanguinary temperament [an odd combination!]. He has studied at Helmstadt under the Abbot Mosheim. He has accidentally [!] adopted the principles and language of Halle, but otherwise is not of their party [i. e., he was no pietist]. He was cordial, frank and confidential in my presence. He called the Hallensians [ministers from Halle, Germany] Pharisees, who laid burdens upon the people which they would not touch with their little finger. Some of the people there are not satisfied with him. They asked me to preach for them once. They object to him especially because, as they claim, he drinks too much. settled in the forks of the Conway and Robinson rivers, in the present county of Madison. In 1737 they numbered three hundred souls. They built Hebron church in 1740. It stands on a beautiful eminence in the forks of Robinson river and White Oak run, and has been continually used by the Lutheran congregation of that section since the year last mentioned. Rev. John Caspar Stoever was their first minister. His pastorate commenced in 1733. In 1734 he returned to Germany to collect money for a church, but died on the way back in the spring of 1738. For further accounts of this church and congregation see Dr. Slaughter's History of St. Mark's Parish, pp. 45-46; Bishop Meade's Old Churches and Families of Virginia, Vol. II, pp. 74-76; and Journal of the Presbyterian Historical Society, Vol. II, Nos. I, 2 and 3. It may be possible to give a partial list of these German Lutherans in a future number of the Magazine. The fact that most of these colonists came from the kingdom of Wurtemberg, Germany, is here stated for the first time. * Rev. Georg Samuel Klug was born in Elbing, Prussia. Ordained at Danzig on August 30, 1736. Called to Virginia while Stoever was making his collecting tour in Germany. Arrived in Philadelphia in 1738, as appears from Gottschalk's statement. With the money collected in Germany, about 3,000 pounds, a church was built in 1740. A piece of land and a number of slaves were bought to cultivate it. Klug died after a long, but not very successful, ministry, in 1761. See Hallesche Nachrichten, New Ed., Vol. I, pp. 578-580.