The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography
same day, crossing the North Branch to reach the South Branch, which two branches form the "Potomack." Towards evening they came to a German, Urbanus Kraemer, who lives on the South Branch. There they remained over night. Major Monday, who had accompanied them thus far, left them, with tears in his eyes, on Monday, July 18th, and returned to Manakesy [Monocacy]. Although he was a man of 66 years of age, he had accompanied them for more than one hundred miles. They continued their journey, passing up along the South Branch, and came to a district where Hollanders have settled, who emigrated from Sopus* [New York]. On Tuesday, July 19th, they came to a German, Matthaeus Joachim, with whom the brethren Gottschalk and Schnell had also stayed. As English settlers live there, interspersed among the Germans, they remained with this man two days. On Wednesday, July 20th, Bro. Joseph preached in his [Joachim's] house, and baptized two children with evident blessing. On July 21st, he preached to a considerable number of people in English, and Bro. Matth. Reuz in German. On July 22d, Bro. Joseph preached again in the house of a German settler. On July 23rd, they continued their journey along the South Branch, almost to the place where it rises and where the most extreme settlements of the Germans are.† They lodged with a German, Christian Evi, where Bro. Joseph preached in German, and also in English, because many English settlers live there. These were the first sermons which "a mundo condito" [from the creation of the world], had been preached there.‡ * Esopus, New York. The Hollanders mentioned were the Van Meters and others, who settled in wIhat is now Hardy county, W. Va., about the year 1744. See West Virginia Historical Mal(azine, Vol. Ill, No. I, p. 50. † The missionaries were now in the extreme southern part of Pendleton county, West Virginia, and near the northern border line of Highland county, Virginia. Seybert's Fort, the scene of a bloody Indian massacre in 1758, was in this neighborhood. See Waddell's Annals of Augusta County, 1912, p. 159. ‡ It is interesting to note that the diary fixes the date of the first religious service held in this section of Virginia.