The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography
A day's journey farther is a beautiful mineral spring, which is said to be better than the one at Canigotschik [Conococheague], a warm and cold spring rising so close together that, being in the one, you can reach into the other.* There is also a remarkable cave, but not as large as the one at Canigotschik [Conococheague]. It is said to be damp, and therefore unhealthy, because its entrance and opening is small. Here they [the two travelers] were about 400 miles from Bethlehem, and two days' journey from the boundaries of North Carolina,† hence they concluded to change their course, at first southeast, farther into Virginia, and then northeast, to return home. On July 24th, they began this new course by going down a few miles along the South Branch, because there was no road over the surprisingly high mountains of the North Ridge. Some English people accompanied them, who had listened to the sermon which Bro. Joseph had preached to the English people there. They seemed to take a special liking to him on account of his sermon. and talked much with him on the way. As much as we could gather from their conversation, they were Covenanters,‡ which sect was caused by the Presbyterians. On July 25th, they left the South Branch and began to climb the remarkably high mountains called the North Ridge, which are the Kittidane [Kittatinny] or Endless Mountains.§ They extend from Bethlehem west-south-west through Maryland and Virginia to Carolina and Florida, and even farther in a straight * Now the celebrated Hot Springs in Bath county. Virginia. † The missionaries must have included the distance traveled in their detours. In a straight course they were about two hundred miles from Bethlehem. Pa. They were also at least six days' journey from the North Carolina line. ‡ It is remarkable that even so early as 1748 the Scotch-Irish were beginning the extension of their settlements to the westward of the Shenandoah Valley. § This is an error. The missionaries were in the Alleghanies, the most easterly range of which is called North Mountain. Kittatinny is the Indian name for the Blue Ridge. The Appalachian system does not extend to Florida, but ends in northern Alabama.