The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography
the Germans there. Several came to our lodging place. When they heard that I was a minister, they complained about their need, that for many years they had heard no sernmon. They especially asked me to baptize their children. An Englishman also came, saying that he had heard that I was a Lutheran minister, and asking me where I had preached in Pennsylvania. I named several places, among them Bethlehem. He said: "Well, there is no Lutheran congregationi there, but Moravian." I assured him that there were not ten Moravians in Bethlehem." He was surprised and could not comprehend it. July 15th. We went to a German, M. J. [Mattlhias Joacliirn], whom I asked whether I could preach in his house on Sunday. He said: "Gladly, if you preach the pure gospel according to our Christian custom." I told him he would have to examine and see for himself. Then he consented. He offered us his house to lodge in, if we did not know where else to go, and would be satisfied with their poor farmers' fare. We said: "Yes." In the evening I held a prayer service. July 16th. Our hostess asked me why I would not baptize any children. She said there was great need of it. Miniisters seldom came to them, and if one did come, but refused to baptize children, it was too bad. She said that two years ago one had been there, who had baptized twenty-two children at one tinme. There are again several children there. In the evening I again conducted prayer service. July 17th. A considerable number of people assenmbled to-wards noon, to wvhom I preached firom John 7: 37: "Whosoever thirsteth let him come to me and drink." After the sernmon the people complainied about their poor condition, that they had no minister, while in Pennsvlvania there were so many. They asked me to stay with them. Then they brought about six children, whom I should baptize, but I had to refuse. July 18th. It was Sabbath. We spent the day in prayer. 11 Schnell meant to say that there were not ten persons in Bethlehenm who had actually been born in the Austrian Kingdom of Moravia. The term "Moravians " was at that time very distasteful to the "Church of the United Brethren," or Unitas Fratrum, as they preferred to call themselves. But the namie Moravians has clung to them, in spite of their protests.