Ohio Archæological and Historical Society
Publications, Volume XX

Ohio Archæological and Historical Society Publications, Volume XX [1911], Page 1 [Click for larger image]Page 1

OHIO Archaeological and Historical PUBLICATIONS PREHISTORIC EARTHWORKS IN WISCONSIN. A. B. STOUT, University of Wisconsin. In presenting this subject it seems best to the writer to treat somewhat in detail the various classes of earthworks and then to give a summary for the state as a whole with a brief discussion of the archæological area to which it belongs. With this plan in view the various artificial earthen structures in Wisconsin of prehistoric origin (at least the greater number are prehistoric) may be grouped into the following rather well defined types: enclosures, conical mounds, flat topped mounds, effigy mounds, linear mounds, intaglio earthworks, refuse heaps, garden beds and corn fields. Altho there are some earth remains that are intermediate between various types, the above classification serves to good advantage for discussion and comparison, and may well be treated in the order given. Few enclosures exist in Wisconsin. Yet the most famed of the earthworks within the state is an enclosure with accompanying earthworks which has been called the Aztalan ruins. It would be of no special value to present here a review of the literature pertaining to these earthworks. Those who desire this will find that West (1) has recently made a complete historical summary together with a critical analysis of the literature on Aztalan. These remarkable ruins are now badly mutilated by long

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