Ohio Archæological and Historical Society
Publications, Volume XX

Ohio Archæological and Historical Society Publications, Volume XX [1911], Page 137 [Click for larger image]Page 137

LOGAN — THE MINGO CHIEF. 171 0-1780. [The Ohio tribes of Indians produced an extraordinary number of illustrious chiefs who figured large in the history of their race. Among these were Pontiac, Tecumseh, Cornstalk, Little Turtle, Blue Jacket and a score of others who left distinguished records as warriors, orators and tribal leaders. Among these perhaps no one gained a fame so wide as that acquired by Logan, the Mingo chief who refused to attend the Treaty of Camp Charlotte and at that time delivered the speech which has been recited by thousands of school boy declaimers. The following biography of Logan, probably as authentic as can now be obtained, is from the Draper Manuscripts — Border Forays, 2 D., Chapter 12 — in the Library of the Wisconsin Historical Society. The notes also herewith published were made by it recent student of the manuscripts. Both are published through the courtesy of Dr. Reuben G. Thwaites, Secretary of the Wisconsin Historical Society. — E. O. R.] During the last half of the seventeenth century, long and bloody wars were waged between the Five Nations of Indians and the white inhabitants of Canada. The savages killed or captured—as was ever their wont—regardless of age or sex. Among their prisoners was a boy, born in Montreal of French parentage and baptized in the Roman Catholic chnrch,2 who after being adopted into a family of Oneidas,3 of the Wolf clan,4 and given the name of Shikelimo,5 eventually married a wife of the Cayugas.6 Shikelimo became the father of several children,7 who, according to the Indian rule, were of the same tribe as the mother.8 In the course of time, he was raised to the dignity of a chief among the Oneidas9—the nation of his adoption. In the year 1728, having been by the Grand Council of the Iroquois "set over" the Shawanese,10 who then occupied contiguous territory to, and were held in subjection by, the Five Nations, Shikelimo removed with his family to a small Indian village on the east side of the West Branch of the Susquehanna, at a point about fourteen miles above its junction with the Northeast Branch,

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